APA (American Psychological Association)
American Psychological Association (APA) style is one of many styles for academic writing. It is the standard citation style for such disciplines as psychology, sociology, marketing, and human resources research.
Citations in Text
"direct quotation" (LaVoie, 2003, p. 786).
paraphrasing. (LaVoie, 2003)
electronic sources without page numbers. (Gulli, 2011, para. 7)
Examples of Common Reference List Entries
Book: 1-2 authors
Eberhart-Phillips, J. (2000). Outbreak alert: responding to the
increasing threat of infectious diseases.
Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
LaVoie, J. C. (2003). Identity crises. In Magill's encyclopedia of social
science: psychology (Vol. 2, pp.785-789).
Pasadena, CA: Salem Press.
Article from a database
Ferguson C. J., Munoz, M. E., Contreras S., & Valasquez K. (2011).
Mirror, mirror on the wall: peer competition, television
influences, and body image dissatisfaction. Journal of Social
and Clinical Psychology, 30, 242-249.
Academic Search Premier.
Gulli, C. (2011, May 19). Concussions: the untold story. Maclean's.
Retrieved from http://www2.macleans.ca/
Massey University. (2009, July 27). APA referencing: the basics
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/user/
Website (no author)
Stem Cell Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved June 6, 2018, from
Hoffman, M., MD. (2018). Th Picture of the Brain. Retrieved June 6,
2018, from https://www.webmd.com/brain/picture-of-the
APA Referencing: Citations
APA Referencing: Electronic Sources